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How did the Vikings leave a lasting legacy in our area?

The Vikings left their mark in Northumbria (where they first attacked Lindisfarne and later captured York) and the other areas they conquered. The most obvious of these were in the place names. The most common place endings were:

by (farmstead or village - these endings often denoted where Vikings settled first)

thorpe (outlying farmstead, these villages relied on a larger settlement)


Can you think of any places nearby that end in either -by or -thorpe?