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What is phonics? Phonics is one method of teaching children how to read and write. Phonics is all about sounds. There are 44 sounds in the English language, which we put together to form words. Some are represented by one letter, like ‘t’, and some by two or more, like ‘ck’ in duck and ‘air’ in chair. Children are taught the sounds first, then how to match them to letters, and finally how to use the letter sounds for reading and spelling. Synthetic phonics refers to ‘synthesising’, or blending, the sounds to read words. It is based on the idea that children should sound out unknown words and not rely on their context.

Basic phonics introduction video for parents and carers

A six minute video introducing phonics for your pupils’ parents and carers which you might find useful.

Bug Club Phonics Sound Board

Click on the letter or combination of letters (graphemes) to hear their sounds (phonemes)